Contained in this database is a collection of city and area directories for New Zealand, from 1866 to 1955. New Zealand, City & Area Directories, 1866-1954. Though rapid, the decline was less steep than in the small islands of the Pacific. At the 1896 census the non-MÄori population was just over 703,000. In 1840 the first organised settlement, Britannia (Petone), was established by the New Zealand Company on the banks of the Hutt River. In 1840 there were about 2000 non-MÄori living in New Zealand, although the numbers of British people who had lived temporarily in New Zealand was much greater. New Zealand's isolation was at an end. In 1856 physician and politician Dr Isaac Featherston said it was the duty of Europeans to âsmooth down â¦ New Zealand was originally inhabited by the Polynesian Maori, who came in 800 A.D., making New Zealand the youngest country in the world (Tourism New Zealand, 1999-2010). In the post war period, from 1874 â¦ By the time the war at Waitara began in 1860, the MÄori population had fallen to about 60,000. New Zealand, Marriage Index, 1840-1937. Gold and sheep. Ever since the 1840 signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (New Zealandâs founding document), a raft of government initiatives have resulted in MÄori losing both resources and power. Europe's âexplosion outwardsâ during the 18th and 19th centuries reached New Zealand in three distinct waves. In 1840, the native Maori signed a treaty with Britian, which resulted in land wars lasting from 1843 to 1872. National population estimates give the best measure between census dates of the population that usually lives in New Zealand. The population decline rapidly continued thereafter. By 1830 a thousand European ships would visit New Zealand shores. The transformation of New Zealand from a MÄori to a non-MÄori world was complete. New Zealand (1935) New Zealand Federation of Health Camps formed (1936) Womenâs Health League formed by nurse Ruby Cameron in the Rotorua District (1937) MÄori death rate: crude rate per thousand population was 24.31 for MÄori compared with PÄkehÄ rate of 9.71 (1938) World War II (1939â1945) Legislation Find out how many people live in New Zealand and areas within New Zealand, and what these populations may be like in the future. In 1840 the MÄori population was 70,000 to 90,000, and by the time of Francis Fentonâs 1858 census MÄori numbered around 60,000 â just three-fifths of the population at the time of Cook. The MÄori population was under 40,000. The MÄori Population When PÄkehÄ first arrived in New Zealand, the MÄori population by some estimates stood at about 90,000 people, spread all over Aotearoa though most lived near the coast. Population decline and racist ideologies combined to fuel forewarnings about MÄori extinction. Meet the happy couple in this index of marriage records from New Zealand for the years 1840â1937. In the years since 1792 when a group of sealers in Dusky Sound became the first non-MÄori to make homes in New Zealand, the country was an extension of the commercial world of Sydney. By the late 1830s the European population of New Zealand had risen to around 2,000. Before 1840 Europeans arrived here in their hundreds. The MÄori population continued its downward spiral in the wake of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, reaching a low of about 42,000 in 1896. As New Zealand entered the final third of the 19th century the South Island dominated the economy, largely due to the impact of wool and gold.